Project 507 . Pictural Word Linkages
Several alternatives it increase learning and interest in expanding.
Thinking so far has been conventional. Basic is very much a pictorial languge made up of concrete nouns.
Everybody wants to see a picture of the word. Here is a list.
In conversation responding to Walter.
Basic Pictures in Simple Wikipedia has a better picture for each word than on the Institute pages.
We try to provide three pictures. Read the "Talk" section for confirmation of our approach where
you can see the confusion in readers that can be created by providing only one image.
Example: these could be interpretations of a picture of a pretty girl -- girl, woman, person, friend,
head, hair, blond, smile, ... you get the idea.
Our web page was intended to be a guide for some volunteer to expand.
That never happened. It is fun, but time consuming and I retired.
The BEI page provides a valuable service, wish somebody would complete it.
You told me that you provide 3 pictures of an object and Wikipedia only one.
(Personally I have not noticed that fact from your website, judging the list
of 200 concrete nouns). Does this mean that you provide a picture for every
allowed Basic meaning of a word as stated in Ogden's work 'The Basic words'?
It is not yet clear to me how that will solve appropriately the problem that
many words have not only different meanings, but, one can consider them from
different viewpoints or aspects, as you listed in your example of 'a girl'.
1 . "How about literally framing a picture of each concrete entity - representing
a subject/person or an object/thing - by putting around the 4 sides of each
picture physically a framework consisting of A DOUBLE SQUARE OF LINES -like
a picture in art is materially framed!-, wherein you state (up to) 4 words,
treating meanings found in Ogden's 'The Basic words' -e.g. on top & bottom-
and/or aspects (sideways) -such as 'hair', and what have you, ...- as topics
being meaningfully related to a picture located in the centre of each image.
2 . You can further double the number of "the-connected-with-the-picture-words"
by putting 4 more words in the 4 side corners, so that you can get (up to) 8
related information pieces forming A CONCEPTUAL SPACE for a pictured item."
Again in conversation with Walter.
You are describing an indexing system with links to a visual thesaurus.
Cool. And appropriate from your work. Prepare some examples and they will
be put on the web site for all. I see it as a way of teaching by
relating things to stimulate interest, to interest, to interest.
I particularly like your suggestion of adding examples from The Basic Words
to tie his works together.
For definitions, we still find three pictures necessary for a visual
identification. A picture of a sailboat is appropriate for a "boat", for
a sail, for canvas, for an ocean, for a vacation or luxury, and possibly
for red or floating. Now add a picture of a speed boat and a merchant
ship and we have better tuned the learner into the concept of boat as a
vehicle for water. If we want to indicate a "small craft" (Ogden's
definition) then replace the ship with a row boat or canoe. We should
tend away from a submarine as possibly confusing the learner with the
introduce other expansions -- Das Boot (1981). And not use only
unpowered items because sail, row, and canoe together would remain
The Talk section of Simple English shows the amount of misunderstanding of what Basic is - a language with a fixed, limited vocabulary. It is a natural stage of not having learned Basic yet. Extensions of meanings to words is confusing : Which are allowed and which not, is somewhat arbitrary. In what I call Media Basic, all forms are allowed, principally because a computer cannot easily recognize extensions.
There was once a Forum on the BEI website, but it keep getting hacked such that we were spending more time recreating it than providing new works, so the forum was discontinued. A big loss. Only the
Basic English sites are targeted by vandals ; my other websites are not.
Michael West was a supporter of Ogden's Basic English, then we into business himself selling language teaching services and made criticism of Basic so as to make his offerings seem better. A formal essay was issued as part of his efforts to obtain a contract with the Canadian government. That criticism was instrumental in causing institutional supporters to withdrawal funding of the Orthological Institute. I ran across West's critique -- it was totally out of context and unfair -- and I was outraged before finding that Ogden had written a whole book taking West to task point by point called "Counter-Officensive : an exposition of certain misrepresentations of Basic English", 1935. It is too detailed to be readily readable. It did not get his funding restored.
General Service List is nearly twice the size of Basic, thus exponentially more complex for learners, even though more complete as a language. (As different from Simple English**) GSL is the foundation of the excellent Longman series for Intermediate English; "intermediate" says it all. I worked with a fellow in the the U.S. state department a few years ago who wanted to introduce Basic as the trade language of an oriental regional business group. It was rejected by higher management as not being suitable for diplomatic use (ie. cocktail parties). So many people miss that the reason for Basic is simplicity in learning for everyone, therefore more people will attempt to learn it, and, with a large number of learners, it will be used more -- whereas most language learning is totally wasted.
** Simple English is correctly defined as Basic English (so that all needed requirements can be expressed), plus the most common 1,000 English words that are not already included in Basic (to add fluency, all are redundant to actual language needs), and, many people include the VOA Special English words (because VOA is such an excellent and available learning source [for news reporting, not a complete language]). Simple English is incorrectly used as a synonym for Basic English (even within Wiki) but including pet words and usages of whoever is speaking, and for the Simplification of Language movement -- use short sentences ; do not use complex words, have only one topic per paragraph, et al.
We consider that Simple English is a "for free" expansion of English after having learned Basic, for the learner who is in an English speaking environment.
1 . With regard to your 3 pictures defining an entity. Order them historically
on a straight line from left to right. (If you have 4 pictures state them at
the end of the horizontal & vertical axes and read the evolution clockwise.)
Start with the first (being the original construction; e.g. a canoe or a row
boat),next, a sailing ship, then, a modern steamboat showing evolution from
its beginnings to now, the recent model one meets in the actual world most.
Also, as far as my knowledge of the subject goes: the best visual thesaurus
actually available on the market is the Merriam-Webster "Visual thesaurus":
Allow me some time to present the connection between a word & its meanings.
I'll look at an example of one pictorial word and one general abstract noun.
And connect them to their respective meanings listed in Ogden's Basic Words.
2. You might make available the additional information in two ways. First, by
clicking on the picture you open up to four words. And, next, by clicking on
the central image again you open up to four additional words stated in the
corner of the square. These additional words could constitute IDIOMATIC use
or be linked to closely related words in the list of '350 additional words'.
(The hyperonym-hyponym organisation of the Roget's thesaurus will show you a
relatedness of the different concepts creating a subject-FIELD of thought.)
3. Another linkage linkage could be to categrized by source of Basic Words :
850, International, Specialty, Extensions and idiom, Specialty (100+50)x3+, the next 350,
Media Basic, with perhaps each source color coded to indicate the appropriate level of learning.
And expand to Simple English, VOA -- if handled by linkages, it should not confuse Basic learners and allow expansion
to learners going on to fuller English.
High value picturable words:
body parts; earth, water, air ; buildings, town, street, river ; train, ship, plane,; room, window, floor ;
family, persons, book, table, picture, paper, horse, food, machine, tree, dog, bed
Relations / Dependencies with other Projects.
Related to all other 500-level projects.
Completions So Far.
-- short description or category.
Discussion guides, useful data, examples, software, etc.
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Last updated March 5, 2015 (created).